Traffic tickets or moving violations in California

When you get pulled over for a moving violation you may end up with a warning or a traffic ticket.  The amount of the fine is not printed anywhere on the traffic citation.  Some courts send a courtesy notice which provides information such as the moving violation you are charged with, the fine amount for the specific violation, the date of the moving violation and the appearance date as well as other instructions on how to pay for your ticket or request traffic school.

However, it is not mandatory for the court to send out a courtesy notice, in fact it is unlikely that you will receive anything from the court unless it is a collection notice for your failure to handle your ticket in a timely manner.

It is your responsibility to contact the designated traffic court prior to the date indicated by the officer on the citation and to decide how you wish to handle your traffic ticket.  If you miss your appearance date, you could be charged with a failure to appear and an additional fine, called a civil assessment, will be due in order to resolve your ticket.  Currently, the civil assessment is approximately $300.

Hiring an attorney can help you navigate through the process and often get the fines and penalties reduced.  The chart below shows some of the traffic violations and the fines the courts charge as well as the points that will go on your driving record.

Fight your traffic ticket without going to Court!
FAQs About The Trial By Written Declaration

Do I need an attorney for a Trial by Written Declaration?

First, you do not need an attorney to fight your ticket using a Trial by Written Declaration. You can do it yourself. You can do it at home while you are in your pajamas! Just remember, the most critical part of preparing a Trial by Written Declaration is what you put into your Declaration, your defense as to why you should not be found guilty of committing the traffic violation or the reason as to why your traffic ticket must be dismissed.

What is the process of Trial by Written Declaration?

You complete the documents and submit them to the Court by mail.  No lost time from school, work or family.  If you win, your bail is returned to you in full and you have just saved yourself a point on your driving record as well as increased insurance premiums.

What happens if I lose the Trial by Declaration?

You may file for a Trial de Novo and still have your day in Court and require that the officer come into Court to testify.

If I lose the Court trial, can I attend traffic school?

You are eligible to attend traffic school every 18 months and, as long as you are not a commercial driver driving a commercial vehicle when the citation was received. Also, speeding tickets for going more than 25 miles per hour over the speed limit are ineligible for traffic school.

The most common CA Vehicle Code (CVC) Violations and the associated Court Fines…


22350 – Basic Speed Law (1 Point)
Unsafe Speed for Prevailing Conditions 1–15 MPH Over Limit $238.00
Unsafe Speed for Prevailing Conditions 16–25 MPH Over Limit $367.00
Unsafe Speed for Prevailing Conditions = 26 MPH Over Limit $490.00

22349 b – Speeding Over 55 MPH Limit (1 Point)
22349 b – 1–15 MPH Over 55 MPH Limit $238.00
22349 b – 16–25 MPH Over 55 MPH Limit $367.00
22349 b – 26 MPH Over 55 MPH Limit $490.00

22349 a – Speeding Over 65 MPH Limit (1 Point)
22349 a – Speeding 1–15 MPH Over 65 MPH Limit $238.00
22349 a – Speeding 16–25 MPH Over 65 MPH Limit $367.00
22349 a – Speeding = 26 MPH Over 65 MPH Limit $490.00

22356 b – Speeding Over 70 MPH Limit (1 Point)
22356 b – 1–15 MPH Over 70 MPH Limit $238.00
22356 b – 16–25 MPH Over 70 MPH Limit $367.00
22356 b – 26 MPH Over 70 MPH Limit $490.00

22348 b – Speeding Over 100 MPH $900.00 (2 Points)
21453 a/c – Red Light or Red Arrow $490.00 (1 Point)
21453 b – No right turn on red $238.00 (1 Point)
22450 a – Failure to Stop at Stop Sign $238.00 (1 Point)
21655.5 b – Carpool lane violation $490.00 (0 Point)
21655.8 a – Driving Over Double Lines of Carpool lane $490.00 (1 Point)
22406 a – Truck or tractor over 55 mph (1 Point)
Speeding 1–9 MPH Over 55 MPH Limit $285.00
Speeding 10 MPH or More Over 55 MPH Limit $490.00
22348 c – Failure to Use Designated Lane $238.00 (1 Point)
22108 – Failure to signal Before Turning or Changing Lanes $238.00 (1 Point)
21461 a – Driver Failure to Obey Signs/Signals $238.00 (1 Point)
16028 a – Proof of Insurance (0 Point)

16028 a is the Vehicle Code section dealing with driving without insurance in California. If convicted, this
code section carries stiff financial penalties of $900.
However, if you actually had valid insurance for the vehicle at the time the traffic ticket was issued, then you can show proof to the court and get this charge dismissed for a $25 dismissal fee. If you do this, you do not have to pay the vc 16028 (a) penalty fine amount in full.
Sometimes even if you did not have valid insurance at the time the citation was issued, but you got insurance after the fact, the court will still dismiss the charge for $25 (although the court is not legally obligated to do so because you technically didn’t comply with the law since in this situation you didn’t have valid insurance for the vehicle at the time you were driving).
If you get insurance for the same vehicle after the fact, in some cases the court will not dismiss the charge for $25, but the court may still reduce your fine amount since you were at least diligent enough to get valid insurance soon after the citation was issued.

22101 d – Illegal Turns $238.00 (1 Point)

22102 – Illegal U-Turn in Business District $238.00 (1 Point)

22103 – Illegal U-Turn in Residential District $238.00 (1 Point)

22107 – Unsafe Turn or Lane Change Prohibited $238.00 (1 Point)

21460 a – Improper Turns Over Double Lines $238.00 (1 Point)

21460.5 c – Improper Turns From Two-Way Left-Turn lane $238.00 (1 Point)

21950 a – Failure to Yield to Pedestrians in Crosswalk $238.00 (1 Point)

21951 – Overtaking Vehicles Stopped for Pedestrians $490.00 (1 Point)

21802 a/b – Violation of Right-of-Way–Entering Thru Highway $238.00 (1 Point)

21806 a – Failure to Yield to Emergency Vehicles $490.00 (1 Point)

38300 – Failure to Obey Signs/Signals $238.00 (0 Points)

23123 a – Cell Phone Violation (0 Points)

The base fine for VC 23123 (a) first offense is $20. For second and subsequent offenses, the fine is $50. But remember—the actual amount you’ll pay once assessments are added will be significantly more than the base fine. The total for a first violation will likely exceed $150, and a second or subsequent offense can cost over $250.

21651 a – Crossing Double Lines $238.00 (1 Point)

If I hire a Lawyer for a traffic ticket can he/she guarantee that my ticket will be dismissed?

No. It is impossible to guarantee an outcome. All cases are subject to the discretion of the Judge. Judges rule based on the evidence and the arguments presented to them, even in traffic courts.

How can a traffic ticket attorney promise and guarantee that my traffic ticket will be dismissed if I use his/her service to fight traffic tickets ?

No ethical attorney will make promises or predictions regarding the outcome of your traffic ticket case in traffic court. According to the California State Bar Rules of Professional responsibility 1-400(E), the board of governors of the State Bar has adopted the following standards as of May 27, 1989, for communications defined in rule 1-400(e) that are presumed to be a violation of rule 1-400 is as follows:

(1) A “communication” which contains guarantees, warranties, or predictions regarding the result of the representation.

(2) A “communication” which contains testimonials about or endorsements of a member unless such communication also contains an express disclaimer such as “this testimonial or endorsement does not constitute a guarantee, warranty, or prediction regarding the outcome of your legal matter.”

(3) A “communication” which is delivered to a potential client whom the member knows or should reasonably know is in such a physical, emotional, or mental state that he or she would not be expected to exercise reasonable judgment as to the retention of counsel………

Hiring a traffic ticket attorney does not guarantee that your ticket would be dismissed in traffic court nor should any traffic ticket attorney make any statements of guarantee as to the outcome of your traffic ticket case to persuade you to use their service.

Los Angeles County Court Locations By Name Court Name & Court Address

Airport Courthouse 11701 S. La Cienega, Los Angeles, CA 90045

Alfred J. McCourtney Juvenile Justice Center 1040 W. Avenue J, Lancaster, CA 93534

Alhambra Courthouse 150 West Commonwealth, Alhambra, CA 91801

Bellflower Courthouse 10025 East Flower Street, Bellflower, CA 90706

Beverly Hills Courthouse 9355 Burton Way, Beverly Hills, CA 90210

Burbank Courthouse 300 East Olive, Burbank, CA 91502

Catalina Courthouse 215 Summer Avenue, Avalon, CA 90704

Central Arraignment Courts 429 Bauchet St., Los Angeles, CA 90012

Central Civil West Courthouse 600 South Commonwealth Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90005

Chatsworth Courthouse 9425 Penfield Ave., Chatsworth, CA 91311

Clara Shortridge Foltz Criminal Justice Center 210 West Temple Street, Los Angeles, CA 90012

Compton Courthouse 200 West Compton Blvd., Compton, CA 90220

Downey Courthouse 7500 East Imperial Highway, Downey, CA 90242

East Los Angeles Courthouse 4848 E. Civic Center Way , Los Angeles, CA 90022

Eastlake Juvenile Court (Delinquency) 1601 Eastlake Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90033

Edmund D. Edelman Children’s Court (Dependency) 201 Centre Plaza Drive, Monterey Park, CA 91754

El Monte Courthouse 11234 East Valley Blvd., El Monte, CA 91731

Glendale Courthouse 600 East Broadway, Glendale, CA 91206

Governor George Deukmejian Courthouse 275 Magnolia, Long Beach, CA 90802

Inglewood Courthouse One Regent Street, Inglewood, CA 90301

Inglewood Juvenile Courthouse (Delinquency) 110 Regent Street, Inglewood, CA 90301

Los Padrinos Juvenile Courthouse (Delinquency) 7281 East Quill Drive, Downey, CA 90242

Mental Health Courthouse 1945 South Hill Street, Los Angeles, CA 90007

Metropolitan Courthouse 1945 South Hill Street, Los Angeles, CA 90007

Michael Antonovich Antelope Valley Courthouse 42011 4th Street West, Lancaster, CA 93534

Norwalk Courthouse 12720 Norwalk Blvd., Norwalk, CA 90650

Pasadena Courthouse 300 East Walnut Ave., Pasadena, CA 91101

Pomona Courthouse South 400 Civic Center Plaza, Pomona, CA 91766

San Fernando Courthouse 900 Third Street, San Fernando, CA 91340

Santa Clarita Courthouse 23747 West Valencia Blvd., Santa Clarita, CA 91355

Santa Monica Courthouse 1725 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA 90401

Stanley Mosk Courthouse 111 North Hill Street, Los Angeles, CA 90012

Sylmar Juvenile Courthouse (Delinquency) 16350 Filbert Street, Sylmar, CA 91342

Torrance Courthouse 825 Maple Ave., Torrance, CA 90503

Van Nuys Courthouse East 6230 Sylmar Ave., Van Nuys, CA 91401

Van Nuys Courthouse West 14400 Erwin Street Mall, Van Nuys, CA 91401